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Treasury bills/bonds under repurchase agreement (repo) are securities that are commonly used in the financial markets for short-term financing and liquidity management. These instruments provide an opportunity for investors to earn returns on their cash while maintaining their liquidity and safety. In this article, we will explore the characteristics of treasury bills/bonds under repo and how they work.

What are Treasury Bills/Bonds under Repurchase Agreement?

A repurchase agreement, commonly known as a repo, is a short-term loan in which one party (the borrower) sells securities to another party (the lender) with an agreement to repurchase them at a higher price at a future date. The difference between the sale price and the repurchase price represents the interest earned on the loan.

Treasury bills/bonds are short-term government securities that the borrower can use as collateral for the repo. The lender benefits from the low credit risk of the government securities and earns a return relatively higher than other short-term money market instruments.

How do Treasury Bills/Bonds under Repo work?

The repo market is a highly liquid market that operates on an overnight basis. The borrower sells the securities to the lender for cash, with an agreement to repurchase them the next day at a higher price. The repo rate is the interest rate charged for this transaction, and it typically reflects the prevailing short-term interest rates in the market.

For example, if the borrower sells Treasury bills worth $100,000 to the lender, the lender will pay $99,000, and the borrower will agree to repurchase the securities the next day for $100,000, which represents a repo rate of 1%. The borrower benefits from the access to cash, while the lender earns a return of 1% on their investment.

Why Invest in Treasury Bills/Bonds under Repo?

Treasury bills/bonds under repo are attractive to investors for several reasons:

1. Short-term investment: They provide an opportunity to earn returns on cash that is not immediately required and can be invested for a short period.

2. Low credit risk: The securities are backed by the U.S. government, making them one of the safest investments available.

3. Liquidity: The repo market is highly liquid, allowing investors to buy and sell securities easily.

4. Higher returns: The interest rates offered on repo transactions are typically higher than other short-term money market instruments.


Treasury bills/bonds under repo are an efficient and safe way for investors to manage their short-term financing needs and earn returns on their cash. The repo market provides a flexible and highly liquid platform for investors to buy and sell securities, making it an attractive investment option. However, investors should always understand the risks and benefits associated with any investment before making a decision.