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Prenuptial Agreement in Japan: An Overview

Getting married is an exciting and joyous occasion, but it can also be stressful. One of the things people often worry about is what will happen if their marriage ends in divorce. Prenuptial agreements can offer peace of mind and protect assets in case of divorce. But what is the situation in Japan? Is a prenuptial agreement valid and legally binding? In this article, we take a closer look at prenuptial agreements in Japan and answer some of the most commonly asked questions.

What is a Prenuptial Agreement?

A prenuptial agreement, also known as a premarital agreement, is a contract made between two people before they get married. The purpose of a prenuptial agreement is to establish the property and financial rights of each spouse in case of divorce or death. The agreement can include provisions for the division of assets, spousal support, and other issues that may arise during a divorce.

Are Prenuptial Agreements Valid in Japan?

Yes, prenuptial agreements are valid in Japan. Japan`s Civil Code recognizes prenuptial agreements, and they are legally binding if they meet certain requirements. The requirements for a valid prenuptial agreement in Japan are as follows:

– The agreement must be in writing

– Both parties must sign the agreement

– The agreement must be made before the marriage

– The agreement must be reasonable and fair

– The agreement cannot violate public order or morals

It`s worth noting that Japanese law does not allow couples to waive or limit child support obligations in prenuptial agreements.

Why get a Prenuptial Agreement in Japan?

Prenuptial agreements are useful for couples who want to protect their property and financial interests in case of divorce. They can also help to prevent lengthy and costly legal battles. Some of the reasons why couples in Japan may want to consider a prenuptial agreement are:

– To protect assets acquired before the marriage

– To clarify property rights in case of divorce

– To establish financial responsibilities

– To protect inheritance rights

– To avoid lengthy and costly legal battles

It`s important to note that a prenuptial agreement cannot address issues related to child custody or visitation. These matters are decided by family courts in Japan based on the best interests of the child.

How to Get a Prenuptial Agreement in Japan?

To get a prenuptial agreement in Japan, it`s essential to consult with a lawyer who specializes in family law. You can also get a prenuptial agreement template online, but it`s recommended that you have a lawyer review and finalize the agreement to ensure its validity and enforceability.


Prenuptial agreements are a practical way for couples to protect their assets and financial interests in case of divorce. In Japan, prenuptial agreements are valid and legally binding if they meet the requirements under the Civil Code. If you`re considering a prenuptial agreement, it`s essential to consult with a lawyer who can guide you through the process and ensure that your interests are protected.