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Subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of grammar that ensures the grammatical continuity and consistency of a sentence. It refers to the appropriate matching of the subject and verb in a sentence in terms of person, number, and tense. This agreement is essential to avoid confusion and miscommunication in writing.

Rule number 2 of subject-verb agreement states that when two or more singular subjects are connected by or, nor, either…or, neither…nor, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it. Here are some examples to illustrate this rule:

1. Neither John nor his twins sister is/are coming to the party.

In this sentence, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it, which is „sister.” Hence, the correct verb is „is,” making the sentence read, „Neither John nor his twin sister is coming to the party.”

2. Either the new laptop or the gaming console is/are faulty.

In this sentence, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it, which is „console.” Hence, the correct verb is „is,” making the sentence read, „Either the new laptop or the gaming console is faulty.”

3. Neither the teacher nor the students were/was impressed with the presentation.

In this sentence, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it, which is „students.” Hence, the correct verb is „were,” making the sentence read, „Neither the teacher nor the students were impressed with the presentation.”

4. Either the new employees or the manager is/are responsible for the error.

In this sentence, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it, which is „manager.” Hence, the correct verb is „is,” making the sentence read, „Either the new employees or the manager is responsible for the error.”

5. Neither the cat nor the dog like/likes to eat dry food.

In this sentence, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it, which is „dog.” Hence, the correct verb is „likes,” making the sentence read, „Neither the cat nor the dog likes to eat dry food.”

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement rule number 2 is essential in ensuring grammatical continuity and consistency in a sentence. The rule states that when two or more singular subjects are connected by or, nor, either…or, neither…nor, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it. Following this rule will help to avoid confusion and miscommunication in writing.